So, what are our core muscles? Well, most would think they are that group of muscles in our abdomen that with hours of planking will garnish the perfect six pack! Well, it isn’t quite as simple as that! These guys do form part of our core muscles, but it does go further afield in terms of all of our core muscles. In fact, our core muscles include muscle groups from your hips right up to your neck and shoulders.
To explain further, when all your core muscles contract, they stabilise your spine, pelvis, and shoulders, creating a solid base of support for powerful and stable movements. Core conditioning exercise programs need to target all these muscle groups to be effective.
Every day movements are created by the ripple effect of all your muscles that connect your upper and lower body. These movements or motions originate in your core. Core muscles are located deep within your trunk and extend from the base of your head, or your neck right down to your pelvis. These muscles include:
1. Traverse abdominis - located on each side of your naval
2. Internal and external obliques - extend diagonally from your ribs to your pelvis
3. Rectus abdominis – otherwise known as that elusive ‘six-pack’!
4. Multifidus and erector spinae - located along your spine from your head to your pelvis.
Strong, stable core muscles help to coordinate movement effectively and efficiently to your arms, your legs and your spine. Keeping these muscles strong will result in a lower chance of injury, better balance, and improved coordination. They will also provide improved performance in sports along with a better posture. So, what could be more important!
Limiting your workouts to only developing that rock-hard set of abs, or the sought-after six-pack, will see you only focus on a few core muscles whilst neglecting the rest. A more comprehensive approach to core muscle strengthening is far better for all over strength, fitness and health.
Stay tuned for our next Blog where we will teach you all about some key core muscle exercises you can do while at your local Plus Fitness.